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History of Wisconsin Hops | Gorst Valley Hops History of Wisconsin Hops

Commercially produced hops were first introduced to Wisconsin in Waukesha county around 1837.Cultivation of hops in the U.S. started not long after the first settlements took hold in New England. As the colonies grew, so did their thirst for beer. Hops production started in New England but the center soon shifted to the state of New York. By 1850, 2.5 million of the U.S.'s 3.5 million pounds of annual hop production came from the heart of New York. The empire state dominated the hops industry until 1900 when the fertile and pest resistant farmland of the West Coast took over. The only blip in New York's reign was a short period from 1860 to 1870 that many have coined as "The Wisconsin Hop Craze".

Commercially produced hops were first introduced into Waukesha county around 1837, most likely by farm hands from New York who brought their root stock with them. In 1842 the first hop farms appeared in Sauk County, which would become the heart of the hops industry with Kilbourn City (now Wisconsin Dells) as the processing hub.

Numerous factors came together to create the Wisconsin hops industry. First, there was a major failure of the New York crop. Based on descriptions from the time, most likely it was the hop aphid that was ravaging their crop. Following the hop aphid's damage came sooty mold to finish off the crop. This shortage caused a 700% spike in prices enticing new growers to enter the industry.

Simultaneously, the Civil war was drawing to a close. Approximately 40,000 soldiers returned to their farms in Wisconsin to find the women and older folk were still harvesting wheat and other crops. These soldiers had spent years living on adrenaline and probably felt the need to make up for lost time. The spike in hops prices provided the perfect opportunity for them to make a lot of cash...which they did. Farmers went from simple wheat farmers to prosperous plantation owners. In 1860, Wisconsin produced 135,000 lbs of hops. By 1867, the state's production was over 6 million pounds.

The meteoric rise continued just one more year. 1867's crop topped out at over 11 million pounds with 4 million of those pounds in Sauk county alone. By then New York had solved their problems and brought their production back on-line. This combined with the increased production from Wisconsin caused a major drop in prices. Many simply abandoned their farms or sold them to the new crop of German immigrants arriving with their dairy cattle and more sustainable farming practices. By 1880, Wisconsin's crop had dropped to under 2 million pounds and nearly disappeared by the turn of the century.

 
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NEW!

101/201 Workshops in September

Registration Closed

Registration for our upcoming workshops is now closed.  Our next workshops will be in the early Spring of 2015.


Hops Plants for 2015

2015??? That's right, it's time to start planning now. We have established a biosecure greenhouse facility and are taking deposits for live hops plants for your 2015 planting. Learn more about live hops plants and the ordering process here.


Hops 301: Field Lab Workshop

Registration Closed

Join us on-site at our 20 acre hop yard for this continuation of our popular Hop Production workshop series. Click here for more details about Hops 301.


Press Release: Best Practices Guide

We are happy to announce that the Hop Processing Best Practices Guide is finished and available for download.  Please see our Education page for more information and read the Press Release.


Brewing & Beer Styles

UW is hosting a two-day Brewing & Beer Styles workshop on 1/27 and 1/28, with instructors including our own James Altwies.  For more information please check out their website.



 

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